Types of Bowel Cancer

There are many types of bowel cancer and cancers of the digestive system most of which are named after the physical area of the body to which they are associated.

Small Bowel Cancers

Adenocarcinoma: Associated with the lining or internal skin

Sarcoma: Associated with the muscle I fatty wall of the small bowel or ileum (Leiomyosarcoma)

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour (GIST: Associated with any part of the small bowel

Carcinoid: Usually associated with the ileum or appendix (Cells that make hormones within the small intestine.

Lymphoma: Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL), MALT Lymphoma

Colorectal Cancer

Cancer of the colon or rectum

Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP:

FAP is largely found in people who have a history in the family. Approximately 1 in 100 cancers are linked to FAP however 1 in 3 have no known familial links.

If you have a genetic or familial link you are advised to have annual tests.

Diagnosis can often be achieved by visual examination of the eye where black dots at the back of the eye can be seen. Lumps or Cysts and polyps in the stomach are signs of FAP.

FAP often starts in teens and early treatment may involve the option to remove the bowel, and or colon. (Colon and rectum stoma)

There is a low risk of spread to the duodenum, thyroid, adrenal and pancreas.

Gene APC and germ-line mutations in genes MLH1, MSH2, PMS1 and PMS2 are responsible for FAP.

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